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CH 398: Research Proposals for Undergraduate Research

A guide to help you find and cite the research you need for your proposal.

Citation Resources for ACS

ACS 2020

From the American Chemical Society

 

IN-TEXT CITATIONS

In-text method determined by reference list format, either alphabetical by author or numerical by order of appearance.
If writing for publication, numerical order will likely be required, but if not, it's up to you which you prefer.

 

Reference list ordered alphabetically by author

Author name and pub year

  • Foster et al.’s (2019) data shows…. 

  • The study of cylindrical nanostructures … (Foster et al., 2019)

 

Reference list ordered numerically by appearance of citation

Superscript numbers

  • Foster et al.’s1 data shows…. 

  • The study of cylindrical nanostructures ….1

Italic numbers

  • Foster et al.’s (1) data shows…. 

  • The study of cylindrical nanostructures ….(1)


REFERENCE LIST

Journal article

Foster, J. C.; Varlas, S.; Couturaud, B.; Coe, J.; O’Reilly, R. K. Getting into Shape: Reflections on a New Generation of Cylindrical Nanostructures’ Self-Assembly Using Polymer Building Block. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2019, 141 (7), 2742−2753. DOI: 10.1021/jacs.8b08648

 

Formatting notes

  • List authors by last name, first initial, separated by semicolon(s)
  • Article is written in Title Case
  • Abbreviated journal name in italics
  • Note the formatting: year in bold, volume number in italics, issue number in parentheses
  • DOI with no ending punctuation
  • If taken from a database, add at the end directly following the DOI: (accessed [year-month-day] from [database]).

Example taken from the ACS Style Quick Guide (The ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication) where you'll also find sample citations for other format types.


Make Your Own:
  • Title: Honey as a Source of Dietary Antioxidants: Structures, Bioavailability and Evidence of Protective Effects Against Human Chronic Diseases
  • Author(s): Josè M. Alvarez-Suarez, Francesca Giampieri, Maurizio Battino
  • Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 20, Issue 5, 2013
  • Pages: 621 - 638
  • DOI: 10.2174/092986713804999358

Create the citation:

Alvarez-Suarez, J. M.; Giampieri, F.; Battino, M. Honey as a Source of Dietary Antioxidants: Structures, Bioavailability and Evidence of Protective Effects Against Human Chronic Diseases. Curr. Med. Chem. 2013, 20 (5), 621 - 638. DOI: 10.2174/092986713804999358


ACS Style Resources


How to Abbreviate the Journal Title

ACS articles will usually include the correct abbreviation for the citation. If you don't have that, check the tool below to ensure accuracy.

Citing Sources

What to Cite and Why

Did you read the research of others when you prepared to write your paper? When you are informed by other researchers (which can include yourself!), you must cite the original authors of that work for two main reasons:
  1. To lead the readers of your work to the original source.
  2. To show your readers that you have an understanding of the current research of the topic.

In the text and in the list of references, remember to cite:

  • Direct quotations, with author name and page numbers
  • Paraphrasing, with name numbers or the range
  • When your thinking was informed by the work of others, if not cited directly

You do not need to cite:

  • Facts
  • Common knowledge