Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

CE 498: Research in Civil Engineering

A guide to finding, organizing and reviewing literature for a potential conference paper.


Welcome to the guide to conducting literature searches and writing literature reviews in CE 498: Research in Civil Engineering. It collects the materials discussed in the lecture by Vicky Ludas Orlofsky, Instruction & Scholarly Communication Librarian ( Questions? Suggestions? Shoot me an email! 

Underwater Construction c.1850

In the first half of the 19th century much work in underwater civil engineering, both in France and Great Britain, was undertaken with the use of diving bells, an example being Brunel's construction of the tunnel under the Thames. The new Westminster Bridge (1854-1860) was built by men wearing diving suits made by John Heinke. Here, pre-numbered stone blocks are being lowered underwater from the surface by crane to the construction workers. The German-born British engineer Augustus Siebe, developed the standard diving dress in the 1830, consisting of a metallic (copper and brass or bronze) diving helmet, an airline or hose from a surface-applied air pump, a watertight canvas diving suit, a diving knife and weighted boots.


Science Photo Library
Rights Managed / Image Quest