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Spare Parts (First Year Read, 2018)

The First Year Reading Program selection for 2018.

Immigration: U.S. Laws and Regulations

Immigration: Facts and Statistics

Immigration: Department of Homeland Security and ICE

In 2002, as a result of the attacks of 9/11/2001, Congress passed the Homeland Security Act, which, among many other things, restructured several federal agencies to fall under the new Department of Homeland Security (DHS), led by a new member of the Cabinet, the Secretary of Homeland Security (H.R.5005, Homeland Security Act of 2002, Titles I and IV).

DHS includes the following sub-agencies:

  • Coast Guard
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
  • National Communications System
  • Secret Service
  • Transportation Security Administration
  • US Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • US Customs and Border Protection
  • US Immigration and Customs Enforcement

The Homeland Security Act also transferred "to the Director of the Office of Refugee Resettlement of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) INS functions with respect to the care of unaccompanied alien children" (Sec. 462).



The office of Immigration and Naturalization Services (INS) was abolished and its duties distributed to new offices, along with some of the duties of the U.S. Customs Service:

  • U.S. Customs and Border Protection
    • which includes the Border Patrol
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
  • U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

ICE is responsible for enforcing immigration laws and investigating potential violations as it relates to the movement of people and objects. Whereas INS agents had conducted raids to capture undocumented immigrants previously (for an example, see Spare Parts, p. 23), since March 2003 ICE agents have conducted these raids.

Immigration: Books from the Library Catalog

These books are available to read online from the Library. Log in using your myStevens username and password if you are off campus.