"Open-access (OA) literature is digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. What makes it possible is the internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder."
-- Peter Suber, "A Very Brief Introduction to Open Access," 2004
Coined in 2002 at the Budapest Open Access Initiative as a way to combat the rise in publisher consolidation and access fees.
Animation by Jorge Cham
Narration by Nick Shockey and Jonathan Eisen
Transcription by Noel Dilworth
Produced in partnership with the Right to Research Coalition, the Scholarly Publishing and Resources Coalition and the National Association of Graduate-Professional Students
License: Creative Commons Attribution CC-BY
Library Journal (Smith, K.L. Of Predators and Public Health, May 23, 2013) reported that the American Public Health Association (APHA in SHERPA/RoMEO) recently amended their OA policy to read that rather than a 2-year embargo on articles that were not originally published OA, there would now be a 10-year embargo, so that no articles published in the last decade would be available OA until they were 10 years old, unless they were federally funded and available in PubMed Central.
Which would you prefer: to have your work immediately (or almost immediately) available for use and research, or tucked away in a database for a decade, after which point its effect and usefulness, especially for those who can't afford the access fees, may be reduced?
Creative Commons licenses were created as a way to give authors the ability to make their works accessible online beyond the restrictions of traditional copyright. Authors can assign a range of licenses depending on how they want their works to be accessed and/or reused.
Organized by the Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), Open Access Week began in 2006 and occurs every October.
Twitter is a great way to keep up with news and discussion of open access.