Cartoon by Nina Paley shared freely from Mimi and Eunice
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, to "plagiarize" means
In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.
What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved November 11, 2010, from <http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html>
Plagiarism is wrong because..
It is unethical
It is illegal
It is against all academic codes of conduct
It robs the plagiarizer of important skills
The Fraud of Plagiarism tutorial. Retrieved December 9, 2010, from "Why is it wrong?" <http://www.cte.usf.edu/plagiarism/plag.html>
When you quote or paraphrase another person's idea in your research paper, it is imperative that you provide a proper citation to the source you used:
..to avoid plagiarism (presenting someone else's ideas as your own is a violation of the Honor Code)
..to give credit to the author of the idea
..to allow someone else to locate the source
..to lend credibility to your work
Plagiarism.org provides an excellent definition of plagiarism and gives useful examples.
Here are some common types of plagiarism.
Types of Plagiarism (n.d.) Retrieved August 28, 2012, from <http://www.plagiarism.org/plag_article_types_of_plagiarism.html>
(click image to enlarge)
Here is an example of how plagiarism can have serious consequences. In 2006, Harvard sophomore Kaavya Viswanathan received a two-book deal from publisher Little, Brown for her book, How Opal Mehta Got Kissed, Got Wild, and Got a Life. There was even interest from a film company. However, that all fell apart when Harvard’s student newspaper revealed that the book had more than 40 instances of similar or the same text as two books by Megan McCafferty, Sloppy Firsts and Second Helpings.
Look at the example above. The underlined words under Sloppy Firsts are shown in their plagiarized form in bold under Opal Mehta, and you can see that there is both exact wording and close paraphrasing.
A representative of McCafferty’s publisher called it “an act of literary identity theft” (Zhou, "Publisher Rejects Soph's Apology"). Little, Brown eventually recalled and pulped all the copies of Opal Mehta and canceled Viswanathan’s contract. Remember- you CAN get caught, and the stakes can be very high.
Zhou, David. “Examples of Similar Passages Between Viswanathan’s Book and McCafferty’s Two Novels.” Harvard Crimson 23 Apr. 2006. Web. 22 October 2012.
---. “Publisher Rejects Soph’s Apology.” Harvard Crimson 26 Apr. 2006. Web. 22 October 2012.
For more stories of people who got caught:
What citation style does your major use?
This useful guide, created by the University Library at California State University Long Beach, helps you explore style manuals and journal citation methods specific to academic disciplines and journals.