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How to Cite Your Sources

Journal Articles

APA

Journal article with a single author:
Strauf, S. (2011). Photonic crystals: Lasing woodpiles. Nature Photonics, 5(2), 72-74.

Journal article with multiple authors:
Ramirez-Marquez, J., & Rocco, C. M. (2010). Evolutionary optimization technique for multi-state two-terminal reliability allocation in multi-objective problems. IIE Transactions, 42(8), 539-552.

MLA

Journal article with a single author:
Russell, A. L. "Telecommunications Standards in the Second and Third Industrial Revolutions." Journal of the Communications Network, vol. 5, no. 1, 2006, pp. 100-6.

Journal article with multiple authors:
Lechler, Thomas G., and Dov Dvir. "An Alternative Taxonomy of Project Management Structures: Linking Project Management Structures and Project Success." IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, vol. 57, no. 2, 2010, pp. 198-210. IEEE Xplore Digital Library, 10.1109/TEM.2010.2044441.

Books & Book Chapters

APA

Book with a single author:
Luftman, J. N. (2011). Managing IT human resources: Considerations for organizations and personnel. Hershey, PA: Business Science Reference.

Book with multiple authors:
Bullen, C. V., LeFave, R., Selig, G. J., & Chittenden, J. (2010). Implementing strategic sourcing: A manager's guide to world class best practices. Zaltbommel: Van Haren Publishing.

Chapter in a book:
Bruno, M.S. & Hires, R.I. (2006). Oceanography. In J.R. Pfafflin & E.N. Ziegler (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Environmental Science and Engineering (pp. 790-801). New York: Taylor and Francis.

MLA

Book with a single author:
GabarroĢ, Steven A. Web Application Design and Implementation: Apache 2, Php5, Mysql, Javascript, and Linux/unix. Wiley-Interscience, 2007.

Book with multiple authors:
Jakobsson, Markus, and Zulfikar Ramzan. Crimeware: Understanding New Attacks and Defenses. Addison-Wesley, 2008.

Chapter in a book:
Laidlaw, James. "Alain Chartier." Literature of the French and Occitan Middle Ages: Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries, edited by Deborah Sinnreich-Levi and Ian Laurie, The Gale Group, 1999, pp. 60-71.
 

Conference Papers

APA

Gorod, A., Fridman, A., & Sauser, B. (2010). A quantitative approach to analysis of a system of systems operational boundaries. Paper presented at the 2010 International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops, ICUMT 2010, 655-661.

MLA

Micciancio, Daniele, and Antonio Nicolosi. "Efficient Bounded Distance Decoders for Barnes-Wall Lattices." 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, edited by Ralf Koetter, et al., IEEE, 2008, pp. 2484-2488. IEEE Xplore Digital Library, 10.1109/ISIT.2008.4595438.

Guides for the APA and MLA formats

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) of Purdue University has become well known for their MLA and APA style guides. While the many intricacies of both formats can only be found in the published guides, the OWL versions can answer many of the more common questions about citing various types of sources.